Solar energy cycles may cause an overload during peak load times
Solar energy has become more than a trend or movement; with global government support, it has become a viable means to cut energy costs and migrate to a green lifestyle for hundreds of millions worldwide. Part of the attraction is the capability to earn energy credit from utility companies by feeding power back into the grid. But can this present a threat to the grid? Perhaps not yet in the U.S., but in Germany the threat is looming.
According to the Berliner Zeitung, the head of Germany’s energy agency DENA is warning that there is a significant danger that solar power, could crash Gemany’s ageing electricity grid.
The problem is the amount of electricity produced by solar panels varies due to time of day, time of year, location, and cloud cover. They are most effective during daylight hours. However, that is when demand for electricity is lowest.
As a result, there can be huge power surges as tens or hundreds of thousands of small solar installations export their surpluses back to the grid.
Though small power surges can be handled by switching off local power stations, thanks to generous subsidies the amount of solar capacity in Germany will soon be so large that under certain conditions, electricity supply could outstrip demand, even with all Germany’s power stations switched off.
The result, says Stephan Köhler, head of Germany’s energy agency, DENA, is that solar capacity will soon be large enough that solar surges could trigger blackouts.
The pending threat of solar-created power outages is in part due to the success of German energy policy. Subsidies have been so successful in convincing German citizens and businesses to install solar panels and sell surplus electricity to the grid, that solar now makes up 15 per cent of generating capacity in Germany.
According to figures provided by the energy collective there are now about 700,000 grid-connected PV solar systems with a combined capacity of 14,680 MW installed by German households and businesses. DENA says that at the current rate solar capacity could reach 30 gigawatts by the end of next year – equal to the country’s weekend power consumption,. “We need to cap installation of new panels,” concluded a Dena spokesperson .
UK based New Scientist magazine quoted Tim Nuthall of the European Climate Foundation in Belgium on the case for a transcontinental grid. “The best long-term solution is to install region-wide grids, he said. “In Europe, you need a grid that balances the sun in the south with the wind in the north.”
Perhaps. But wouldn’t a trip switch triggered by excess energy make more sense? Batteries, hot water or other devices could be used to store the unused energy.
In the U.S., this German experience can serve as a warning and a case study for sensible energy planning for the future. At the same time, the U.S. population has been migrating to solar power at a less aggressive rate than the Germans. Many Americans are choosing to install solar backup emergency systems rather than converting entire households to solar power. There is also a growing trend in the U.S. toward build-it- yourself solar panels which many households choose to implement in stages.
With this forewarning from the German experience with solar energy, the U.S. has the opportunity for a gradual, well-planned migration to a sustainable energy plan for the future.